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一周热词 | 深圳特区40周年、数字货币试点、刑责年龄下调、打击“碰瓷”、苹果发布会


1. 深圳经济特区建立40周年

2. 青少年犯罪刑责年龄下调

3. 苹果iPhone 12发布会

4. 深圳试点数字货币

5. 我国将惩治“碰瓷”行为





the 40th anniversary of the establishment of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone


President Xi Jinping attended a grand gathering on Wednesday celebrating the 40th anniversary of the establishment of the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, and delivered a speech.



The establishment of SEZs is a great innovative move made by the CPC and the country in advancing reform and opening up as well as socialist modernization, Xi said.



Xi identified the valuable experience of Shenzhen and other SEZs, including adhering to the Party's leadership, upholding and improving the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics, adhering to the concept that development is of paramount importance, remaining committed to opening up on all fronts, taking innovation as the primary driving force, following the people-centered philosophy of development, and ensuring scientific legislation, strict law enforcement, judicial impartiality and universal law abiding.



He also highlighted experience such as achieving sustained development of economy and society as well as ecology and environment in a comprehensive and coordinated way, implementing the fundamental principle of "one country, two systems" in a comprehensive and accurate way, and giving full play to the leading and exemplary role of the SEZs while making overall plans for the country.






grand gathering  大会;盛会

Shenzhen Special Economic Zone  深圳经济特区

adhere to  坚持;粘附;拥护,追随

uphold  vt. 支撑;鼓励;赞成;举起

paramount /ˈpærəmaʊnt/  adj. 最重要的,主要的;至高无上的 n. 最高统治者

on all fronts  在各方面,在各条战线上

impartiality /ˌɪmˌpɑːʃiˈæləti/  n. 公正,公平;不偏不倚

give full play to…  充分发挥

exemplary /ɪɡˈzempləri/  adj. 典范的;惩戒性的;可仿效的





juvenile delinquency


Chinese lawmakers are mulling over lowering the minimum age at which a minor can be convicted to 12, in individual cases under specific circumstances.



The proposal was made in a draft amendment to the Criminal Law, which was submitted Tuesday to the ongoing session of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress. If a juvenile who has reached the age of 12, but is under 14, commits intentional homicide or inflicts an injury that leads to death under flagrant circumstances, he or she shall bear criminal responsibility upon attestation and approval of the Supreme People's Procuratorate, according to the draft.



Currently, minors under the age of 14 do not bear any criminal responsibility in China.



However, some high-profile cases involving violent crimes committed by underage youths in recent years have sparked a heated debate on the minimum age of criminal liability.



(英文来源:China Daily)



delinquency /dɪˈlɪŋkwənsi/  n. 行为不良,违法犯罪;失职,怠工

mull  vt. 研磨;思索或思考某事物;使醉  n. 混乱;软薄布  vi. 深思熟虑

amendment  n. 修正案;改善;改正

intentional homicide  故意杀人

flagrant  adj. 公然的;不能容忍的;非常的;臭名远扬的;明目张胆的;恶名昭著的

procuratorate  /'prɔkjuə,reitərit/  n. [法] 检察院

underage  n. 缺乏 adj. 未成年的




苹果iPhone 12发布会

Apple's iPhone 12 event


Apple introduced the world to the iPhone 12 on Tuesday, unveiling four new models launching starting later this month, during a virtual event held at its headquarters in Cupertino, California.

苹果于当地时间10月13日在其总部加利福尼亚州库比蒂诺举行线上发布会,推出了iPhone 12,共有四款新机型,将于本月起上市。


The tech giant said the iPhone 12 and iPhone 12 Pro will be available for preorder this Friday, and launch Oct. 23. The larger iPhone 12 Pro Max and smaller iPhone 12 Mini will be available to preorder Nov. 6, and launch Nov. 13.

苹果称,iPhone 12和iPhone 12 Pro将于10月16日接受预订,10月23日开售。尺寸较大的iPhone 12 Pro Max和尺寸较小的iPhone 12 Mini将于11月6日接受预订,11月13日开售。


Prices range from starting at $699 for the iPhone 12 Mini to starting at $1,099 for the iPhone 12 Pro Max. The iPhone 12 Pro will start at $999, while the standard iPhone 12 starts at $799.

iPhone 12 Mini起售价为699美元(国行售价5499元起),iPhone 12 Pro Max起售价为1099美元(国行售价9299元起),iPhone 12 Pro起售价为999美元(国行售价8499元起),iPhone 12起售价为799元(国行售价6299元起)


The smartphones also mark Apple's debut in 5G, the next wireless service expected to deliver major upgrades in speed and connectivity.



It wasn't just smartphone that appeared on Apple's stage. The company also introduced a new smart speaker called HomePod Mini, available for $99 starting in November.

此次亮相苹果发布会的不仅仅是iPhone 12,还包括HomePod Mini新款智能音箱,预计11月开售,售价99美元(国行售价749元)


(英文来源:USA Today)



unveil  vt. 使公之于众,揭开;揭幕 vi. 除去面纱;显露

preorder  vt. 预订 n. 前序;预订





digital currency


The Shenzhen municipal government in Guangdong province and China's central bank jointly started issuing digital yuan red packets on Friday, bringing the general public closer to digital currency as China takes the lead in the field.



Individuals in Shenzhen are allowed to take part in a lucky drawing of 50,000 digital currency red packets-monetary gifts totaling 10 million yuan ($1.49 million). The value of each red packet is 200 yuan.



Winners of the drawing will be given instructions on how to open digital yuan wallets and receive their red packets. For about a week, from 6 pm on Monday to 12 am of Oct 19, the winners can pay using the digital currency red packets at 3,389 designated merchants in Shenzhen's Luohu district.



"The issuance of digital yuan red packets is an innovative attempt to boost consumption and domestic demand amid regular prevention and control of COVID-19. It is also a routine test in the process of research and development of the central bank's digital yuan," the cyber administration of Shenzhen said in a post on its Sina Weibo account on Thursday.



(英文来源:China Daily)



take the lead  v. 带头;为首

lucky drawing  幸运抽奖

monetary /ˈmʌnɪtri/  adj. 货币的;财政的





China stresses punishment on illegal behavior intended for blackmail


China vows to strengthen the crackdown on illegal behavior intended for blackmail, a problem of great concern to the people, according to a guideline issued on Oct 14.



The guideline, jointly released by the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuratorate and the Ministry of Public Security, identifies and specifies several illegal acts, such as deliberately crashing a car to claim compensation, and their corresponding punishments.



Acts of fabricating facts, concealing truths and swindling compensation, that meet the relating provisions of the Criminal Law, shall be convicted and punished as the crime of fraud, according to the guideline.



The guideline also stipulates that whoever deliberately causes a traffic accident and blackmails the victim utilizing the victim's violation of provisions on road passage, which meets the relating provisions of the Criminal Law, shall be punished as the crime of extortion by blackmail.






deliberately  adv. 故意地;缓慢而谨慎地

swindle  v. 诈骗,骗取  n. 诈骗,欺诈;骗局

Criminal Law  [法] 刑法

crime of fraud  诈骗罪

stipulate  vi. 规定;保证  vt. 规定;保证  adj. 有托叶的

provision  n. 规定;条款;准备;[经] 供应品  vt. 供给…食物及必需品

extortion  n. 勒索;敲诈;强夺;被勒索的财物


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